How to prevent mumps

What is mumps?

Basic questions and answers about mumps

What causes mumps?
A virus.

How do mumps spread?
Mumps spreads from person to person in the air. It is not as contagious as chickenpox or the measles.

How long does it take to show signs of mumps after being exposed?
Approximately 14-25 days, but it varies

How can mumps be prevented?
The only effective way to prevent mumps is by vaccination.

What are the symptoms of mumps?
Victims usually first feel sick with symptoms like headache, loss of appetite, and low fever.

The most well-known indicator of mumps is parotitis, which is the swelling of the salivary glands, or parotid glands, below the ear.

Up to 20% of persons with mumps have no symptoms of disease, and another 40%-50% have only nonspecific or respiratory symptoms.

What are possible complications from mumps?
Meningitis is common, but is usually not serious. Meningitis (with headache, stiff neck) occurs in 10%-20% of people with mumps, but usually resolves without any serious damage.

Up to half of adult males experience "orchitis," or testicular inflammation. This may involve pain, swelling, nausea, vomiting, and fever, with tenderness of the area possibly lasting for weeks. Sterility is a possibility, but rare.

Deafness, in one or both ears, can occur in rare cases.

How serious is mumps?
In children, mumps is usually mild and not particularly serious. Adults may have more serious symptoms and more complications.



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